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Microsoft AZ-300 問題練習

Microsoft Azure Architect Technologies 試験

最新更新時間: 2020/11/18,合計124問。

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Question No : 1
Note: This question is part of series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You have an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.
A user named Admin1 attempts to create an access review from the Azure Active Directory admin center and discovers that the Access reviews settings are unavailable. Admin1 discovers that all the other Identity
Governance settings are available. Admin1 is assigned the User administrator, Compliance administrator, and Security administrator roles. You need to ensure that Admin1 can create access reviews in contoso.com.
Solution: You create an access package.
Does this meet the goal?

正解:
Explanation:
You do not use access packages for Identity Governance. Instead use Azure AD Privileged Identity Management.
Note: PIM essentially helps you manage the who, what, when, where, and why for resources that you care about. Key features of PIM include: Conduct access reviews to ensure users still need roles
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-configure https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/governance/entitlement-management-overview

Question No : 2
HOTSPOT
You have an Azure subscription that contains the Azure SQL servers shown in the following table.



The subscription contains the elastic pools shown in the following table.



The subscription contains the Azure SQL databases shown in the following table.



For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Note: You cannot add databases from different servers into the same pool
Box 1: Yes
Pool2 contains DB2 but DB1 and DB2 are on Sql1. DB1 can thus be added to Pool2.
Box 2: Yes
Pool3 is empty.
Box 3: Yes
Pool1 contains DB1 but DB3 and DB1 are on Sql1. DB3 can thus be added to Pool1.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/sql-database/sql-database-elastic-pool

Question No : 3
Your company has an office in Seattle. You have an Azure subscription that contains a virtual network named VNET1. You create a site-to-site VPN between the Seattle office and VNET1.
VNET1 contains the subnets shown in the following table.



You need to redirect all Internet-bound traffic from Subnet1 to the Seattle office.
What should you create?

正解:
Explanation:
A route with the 0.0.0.0/0 address prefix instructs Azure how to route traffic destined for an IP address that is not within the address prefix of any other route in a subnet's route table. When a subnet is created, Azure creates a default route to the 0.0.0.0/0 address prefix, with the Internet next hop type. We need to create a custom route in Azure to use a virtual network gateway in the Seattle office as the next hop.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-network/virtual-networks-udr-overview

Question No : 4
HOTSPOT
Your company has an Azure Container Registry named Registry1.
You have an Azure virtual machine named Serverl that runs Windows Server 2019.
From Serverl, you create a container image named image1.
You need to add image1 to Registry1.
Which command should you run on Server1? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
An Azure container registry stores and manages private Docker container images, similar to the way Docker Hub stores public Docker images. You can use the Docker command-line interface (Docker CLI) for login, push, pull, and other operations on your container registry.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/container-registry/container-registry-get-started-docker-cli https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/commandline/push/

Question No : 5
HOTSPOT
A company runs multiple Windows virtual machines (VMs) in Azure. The IT operations department wants to apply the same policies as they have for on-premises VMs to the VMs running in Azure, including domain administrator permissions and schema extensions.
You need to recommend a solution for the hybrid scenario that minimizes the amount of maintenance required.
What should you recommend? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: Join the VMs to a new domain controller VM in Azure
Azure provides two solutions for implementing directory and identity services in Azure:
- (Used in this scenario) Extend your existing on-premises Active Directory infrastructure to Azure, by deploying a VM in Azure that runs AD DS as a Domain Controller. This architecture is more common when the on-premises network and the Azure virtual network (VNet) are connected by a VPN or ExpressRoute connection.
- Use Azure AD to create an Active Directory domain in the cloud and connect it to your on-premises Active Directory domain. Azure AD Connect integrates your on-premises directories with Azure AD.
Box 2: Set up VPN connectivity.
This architecture is more common when the on-premises network and the Azure virtual network (VNet) are connected by a VPN or ExpressRoute connection.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/architecture/reference-architectures/identity/

Question No : 6
HOTSPOT
You plan to create a virtual machine as shown in the following exhibit.



Use the drop-down menus to select the answer choice that completes each statement based on the information presented in the graphic. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: is guaranteed to remain the same
OS disk type: Premium SSD
Premium SSD Managed Disks are high performance Solid State Drive (SSD) based Storage designed to support I/O intensive workloads with significantly high throughput and low latency. With Premium SSD Managed Disks, you can provision a persistent disk and configure its size and performance characteristics.
Box 2: secure enclaves
Virtual machine size: Standard_DC2s
DC-series virtual machines are a new family of VMs to protect the confidentiality and integrity of your data and code while it's processed in Azure through the use of secure enclaves.
Incorrect:
Not dm-crypt: Azure Disk Encryption helps protect and safeguard your data to meet your organizational security and compliance commitments. It uses the BitLocker feature of Windows and the DM-Crypt feature of Linux to provide volume encryption for the OS and data disks of Azure virtual machines (VMs).
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/disks-types
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/details/virtual-machines/series/

Question No : 7
HOTSPOT
You play to deploy an Azure virtual machine named VM1 by using an Azure Resource Manager template. You need to complete the template.
What should you include in the template? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Within your template, the dependsOn element enables you to define one resource as a dependent on one or more resources. Its value can be a comma-separated list of resource names.
Box 1: 'Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces'
This resource is a virtual machine. It depends on two other resources:
Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts
Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces
Box 2: 'Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/'
The dependsOn element enables you to define one resource as a dependent on one or more resources. The resource depends on two other resources:
Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses
Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks



References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/resource-manager-tutorial-create­templates-with-dependent-resources

Question No : 8
Your company has the groups shown in the following table.



The company has an Azure subscription that contains an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.
An administrator named Admin1 attempts to enable Enterprise State Roaming for all the users in the Managers group.
Admin1 reports that the options for Enterprise State Roaming are unavailable from Azure AD.
You verify that Admin1 is assigned the Global administrator role.
You need to ensure that Admin1 can enable Enterprise State Roaming.
What should you do?

正解:
Explanation:
Enterprise State Roaming is available to any organization with an Azure AD Premium or Enterprise Mobility + Security (EMS) license.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/bs-latn-ba/azure/active-directory/devices/enterprise-state-roaming-enable

Question No : 9
You have a resource group named RG1 that contains the following:
- A virtual network that contains two subnets named Subnet1 and Subnet2
- An Azure Storage account named contososa1
- An Azure firewall deployed to Subnet2
You need to ensure that contososa1 is accessible from Subnet1 over the Azure backbone network.
What should you do?
Deploy an Azure firewall to Subnet1.
Remove the Azure firewall.
Implement a virtual network service endpoint.
Create a stored access policy for contososa1.

正解: C
Explanation:
Virtual Network (VNet) service endpoints extend your virtual network private address space and the identity of your VNet to the Azure services, over a direct connection. Endpoints allow you to secure your critical Azure service resources to only your virtual networks. Traffic from your VNet to the Azure service always remains on the Microsoft Azure backbone network.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-network/virtual-network-service-endpoints-overview

Question No : 10
Note: This question is part of series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You have an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com. A user named Admin1 attempts to create an access review from the Azure Active Directory admin center
and discovers that the Access reviews settings are unavailable. Admin1 discovers that all the other Identity Governance settings are available. Admin1 is assigned the User administrator, Compliance administrator, and Security administrator roles. You need to ensure that the Admin1 can create access reviews in contoso.com.
Solution: You purchase an Azure Directory Premium P2 license for contoso.com.
Does this meet the goal?

正解:
Explanation:
Instead use Azure AD Privileged Identity Management.
Note: PIM essentially helps you manage the who, what, when, where, and why for resources that you care about. Key features of PIM include:
- Conduct access reviews to ensure users still need roles
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-configure

Question No : 11
Note: This question is part of series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You have an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.
A user named Admin1 attempts to create an access review from the Azure Active Directory admin center and discovers that the Access reviews settings are unavailable. Admin1 discovers that all the other Identity Governance settings are available.
Admin1 is assigned the User administrator, Compliance administrator, and Security administrator roles.
You need to ensure that the Admin1 can create access reviews in contoso.com.
Solution: You assign the Global administrator role to Admin1.
Does this meet the goal?

正解:
Explanation:
Instead use Azure AD Privileged Identity Management.
Note: PIM essentially helps you manage the who, what, when, where, and why for resources that you care about. Key features of PIM include:
- Conduct access reviews to ensure users still need roles
References: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-configure

Question No : 12
Note: This question is part of series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You have an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.
A user named Admin1 attempts to create an access review from the Azure Active Directory admin center and discovers that the Access reviews settings are unavailable. Admin1 discovers that all the other Identity Governance settings are available.
Admin1 is assigned the User administrator, Compliance administrator, and Security administrator roles.
You need to ensure that the Admin1 can create access reviews in contoso.com.
Solution: You consent to Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM).
Does this meet the goal?

正解:
Explanation:
PIM essentially helps you manage the who, what, when, where, and why for resources that you care about. Key features of PIM include:
- Conduct access reviews to ensure users still need roles
Note: Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Privileged Identity Management (PIM) is a service that enables you to manage, control, and monitor access to important resources in your organization. This includes access to resources in Azure AD, Azure resources, and other Microsoft Online Services like Office 365 or Microsoft Intune.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/privileged-identity-management/pim-configure

Question No : 13
DRAG DROP
You have an Azure virtual machine named VM1 that runs Windows Server 2016. You install a line-to-business application on VM1. You need to create an Azure virtual machine by using VM1 as a custom image.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.



正解:


Explanation:
Step 1: Run sysprep.exe on VM1.
If a template, or system image is used, System administrators must run the Sysprep tool to clear the SID information. The Sysprep tool is usually one of the last tasks performed by a system administrator when building a server image/template, that way each clone of the template will generalize a new unique SID for every server image copied from the template and will prepare the server for a first time boot.
The end result is a System template that functions as a new unique build every time it is deployed.
Step 2: From Azure CLI, deallocate VM1 and mark VM1 as generalized
To create an image, the VM needs to be deallocated. Deallocate the VM with Stop-AzVm. Then, set the state of the VM as generalized with Set-AzVm so that the Azure platform knows the VM is ready for use a custom image
Step 3: Create a virtual machine scale set
Now create a scale set with New-AzVmss that uses the -ImageName parameter to define the custom VM image created in the previous step.
References:
https://thesolving.com/server-room/when-and-how-to-use-sysprep/
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/tutorial-use-custom-image-powershell

Question No : 14
HOTSPOT
You have an Azure subscription that contains the resource groups shown in the following table.



RG1 contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.



RG2 contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.



All the virtual machines are configured to use premium disks and are accessible from the Internet.
VM1 and VM2 are in an availability set named AVSET1. VM3 and VM4 are in the same availability zone and are in an availability set named AVSET2. VM5 and VM6 are in different availability zones.
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.



正解:


Explanation:
Box 1: Yes
VM1 and VM2 are in an available set named AVSET1.
For all Virtual Machines that have two or more instances deployed in the same Availability Set, we [Microsoft] guarantee you will have Virtual Machine Connectivity to at least one instance at least 99.95% of the time.
Box 2: No
VM3 and VM4 are in the same availability zone and are in an availability set named AVSET2.
Box 3: Yes
VM5 and VM6 are in different availability zones.
For all Virtual Machines that have two or more instances deployed across two or more Availability Zones in the same Azure region, we [Microsoft] guarantee you will have Virtual Machine Connectivity to at least one instance at least 99.99% of the time.
References: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/support/legal/sla/virtual-machines/v1_8/

Question No : 15
You have an Azure subscription that contains the storage accounts shown in the following table.



All storage accounts contain blobs only. You need to implement several lifecycle management rules for all storage accounts.
What should you do first?

正解:
Explanation:
Microsoft recommends that you use a general-purpose v2 storage account for most scenarios. You can easily upgrade a general-purpose v1 or an Azure Blob storage account to a general-purpose v2 account with no downtime and without the need to copy data.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/common/storage-scalability-targets

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